November 5, 2007: This website is an archive of the former website,, which was created 10 years ago by Charles Jenks. It became one of the most populace sites in the US, and an important resource on the antiwar movement, student activism, 'depleted' uranium and other topics. Jenks authored virtually all of its web pages and multimedia content (photographs, audio, video, and pdf files. As the author and registered owner of that site, his purpose here is to preserve an important slice of the history of the grassroots peace movement in the US over the past decade. He is maintaining this historical archive as a service to the greater peace movement, and to the many friends of Traprock Peace Center. Blogs have been consolidated and the calendar has been archived for security reasons; all other links remain the same, and virtually all blog content remains intact.

THIS SITE NO LONGER REFLECTS THE CURRENT AND ONGOING WORK OF TRAPROCK PEACE CENTER, which has reorganized its board and moved to Greenfield, Mass. To contact Traprock Peace Center, call 413-773-7427 or visit its site. Charles Jenks is posting new material to, a multimedia blog and resource center.

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War on Truth  From Warriors to Resisters
Books of the Month

The War on Truth

From Warriors to Resisters

Army of None

Iraq: the Logic of Withdrawal




17 & 18 OCTOBER 2003

Greetings! My name is Dai Williams. My profession is a work psychologist; I am an occupational psychologist from the UK. My background is that I worked in the oil industry for 15 years in human resources and also at one time looking at occupational health programs. The refinery in Kent that I worked in, we set up a program to monitor for the effects of small quantities of toxic chemicals on oil refinery workers. This is 20 years ago but this taught me the importance for health and safety of the dangers of small quantities of highly toxic materials over long periods of time. These are called 'bad actors” in the oil industry, and the health and safety awareness in the industry is very high. So part of my training has always been to be alert to dangerous substances like asbestos and things like this in the environment which, we discover after many years, have terrible consequences for human health. In 1999 a contact of mine sent me Dr. Rosalie Bertell's warning that American forces were likely to use uranium weapons in the Balkans War.

In January 2001 when the United Nations went to the Balkans, America fired 10,000 at least rounds of these ammunition, and the UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programs) Teams only found 7 penetrators in the targets that they visited. This is not possible. Doug [Maj. Doug Rokke, U.S. Army, retired] told me, every time the plane attacks it fires two hundred, hundred and fifty, two hundred, three hundred. It is just not possible that they could only find the maximum of one or one and a half of these at each target except if somebody had been there first.  And one year later, yes, we discovered in the American Department of Defense report which confirmed that NATO led in ten environmental teams, let's call them clean up teams, to the targets before they let United Nations check them. So all of these targets had been cleaned up. So what are they hiding? And the contamination was a very small area within one meter I think. My memory from 1999 BBC report from Greece that there was a thousand times increase in airborne radiation two weeks after the bombing began. Now how is this possible that these little things here -- 10 tons of them used, 9 tons -- didn't hit the target, so they just went in the dirt. So we have one ton maximum of this stuff which burns and this manages to go [about] 200 miles to Greece, [about] 325 Kilometers? And also we discovered later to Hungary.

So my research is often looking at anomalies, inconsistencies. I have one piece of information here and I have another piece of information here and in the middle something doesn't fit. And something was missing in the United Nations analysis in the Balkans, something like about three- or four hundred tons of uranium, I think. And this could not have been fired with these weapons -- there had to be some much bigger weapons. So I began to research the bombs and the missiles and on the Internet somebody put me in contact with the Federation of the American Scientists website, and then you begin to open what we call the Pandora's Box. This is not secret information; this is public information in the United States. It is very interesting how much information is on the Internet and what a respect for the United States is it that military information is far more accessible than in the UK. It isn't complete and we could use more. There is a lot to be found.

And you discover in 1997 an American Airforce Mission Plan to develop a new generation of guided weapons, not ammunition.  This [referring to Power Point image] is ammunition.  It is solid, not explosive fired from a gun. Guided weapons are bombs and missiles and they add a new military threat. Now they are not so worried about tanks, they are worried about chemical and biological laboratories in Iraq, in Afghanistan. If you have a chemical or biological weapons laboratory you want a firestorm. The only thing which will neutralize chemical or biological weapon, it's going to be very high temperature. Now tungsten will be no good for that because it will burst but is no more than that; while uranium if it fragments, it will turn then into a firebomb. They want new weapons which will go deep underground into caves, into bunkers, to destroy much more important targets than tanks. And this analysis in 1997 which is public information, there is a whole list of weapons from 250 pound bombs to 1000 pound bombs, 2000 pound bombs, 20,000 pound bombs. And these are the Bunker Buster family.  Also some of these cruise missiles, the old nuclear cruise missiles will be refitted with new what they call explosive penetrator warheads to go into underground bunkers.

So we now have a 'second generation” of technology. The first generation are the solid penetrators, the anti tank shells.  Now we begin to discover a second generation which are explosive penetrators, but these are not this big, these are THIS big [referring to Power Point image]. The 2-ton GBU 28 Bunker Buster is actually six meters long, and inside it is a 'secret high density metal” make them go twice as deep under the ground. Then we discover some other missiles which have a different warhead, and this came to me by mistake talking to a military person.

Maverick Missiles they used 5000 in Iraq, not all of them with DU but I suspect 1000 of those were DU weapons. Nobody had ever asked that question before. Another technology is to use high density explosive. If they use uranium as a heavy metal dust, you would get an awesome fireball and this is possibly what they used at Baghdad airport.

So we have at least five different kinds of technologies. Now I have researched from the American Patent Office website, from the manufacturer's website, from the Minister of Defense websites in UK. There is no doubt that all of these warhead technologies have been tested with depleted uranium options. The only question is: have they manufactured them? But the governments can not say that they have not used them because their own websites give information about the design and about the testing.

The Tomahawk is a big one. When I did my first report I could find no information about Tomahawk, I could find suspicion about it. A year later on, when we found the American Patent Office website, maybe the early Tomahawk did or didn't have uranium in. What's for sure is that the latest one called a tactical Tomahawk penetrator version sounds pretty much like a penetrator cruise missile. The one we are looking at above here [Power Point image] is the AGM154. This thing got combat tested in the No Fly Zone. We are not just talking about a 1991 war and the 2003 war in Iraq. We are talking about a continuous war in the No-Fly Zones all the way through. And there is a quote in the letter on this report where the guys who developed it, there is a press release/ press bulletin: 'We are very proud to announce that there is combat testing of the 154A in the No Fly Zone.” This is being used as a weapons testing area for the last ten years. If you are looking at sources of contamination one thing they need to do is to look at all the targets which were hit by experimental weapons during the last ten years in the No Fly Zone.

So this is basically how my inquiry went on.

I have a PowerPoint presentation where we see how does this apply in the Iraq war, for example. 

Just other parts of this research tied in with Dr. Durakovic's work in Canada. When he read the first report about Afghanistan he then sent his team over to Afghanistan.  I was working quite closely with them, just one of the things what is important on this: not only that we are looking at new weapons.  The results of his research over there, the samples they got from Afghanistan had very high levels of contamination for people living near bomb targets of uranium, but it was not depleted uranium. And the analysis we have done on that, is that this would make good sense, if they use depleted uranium in a bomb, the first environmental test would be immediately obvious.  If it got plutonium in it [like often DU has traces of it because of the recycling process] the UN would know immediately that they are using it. Natural uranium is identical processing, but they keep it away from recycling. Natural uranium has exactly the same weight and the same properties for weapons design as depleted uranium. The beauty of it for the military is: when it burns it looks exactly like natural environmental uranium. The only way you would tell if you get a microscopic sample and you discover that the molecules have been burned at 5000 degrees, not just dissolved in the rainwater.

So this is why this Conference is called uranium weapons conference, not depleted uranium weapons conference. We now have to widen our thinking to cover all of it, not just depleted uranium.

Thank you very much for listening

Dai William's full research can be found at the CD in the conference Reader (you may pre-order it), and on his website at

See World Uranium Weapons Conference at for conference information and resources and for downloadable conference audio and photo-album.